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  1. What ….. For? (untuk apa ….?)
  2. Why …..? (Mengapa ….)
  3. What is the purpose …? (Apa maksud/tujuan.. …?)
  4. What is the intention ….? (Apa maksud/tujuan.. …?)


Here are the examples:

  1. WHAT IS Noval here FOR?
  2. WHAT ARE the students in the field FOR?
  3. WHAT DOES Noval come here FOR?
  4. WHAT DO the students gather in the field FOR?
  5. WHAT DID the writer write the text FOR?

Translate the questions above into Indonesia.

C. HOW TO ANSWER THE PURPOSE (Cara menjawab pertanyaan tujuan)

  1. HE is here TO study English
  2. THEY are here IN ORDER TO play football
  3. HE comes here SO THAT they can play football
  4. THEY gather in the field SO they can play football.
  5. HE wrote the text TO congratulate her success.
  6. HE wrote the text IN ORDER TO congratulate her success.
  7. HE wrote the text SO THAT he would congratulate her success.
  8. HE wrote the text SO he would congratulate her success.



Conjunctions of Purpose

Phrase/ clause


He studies hard


Pass the exam

to + V1 (phrase)

in order to

In order to + V1 (phrase)

so that

he will pass the exam

So that + clause


he will pass the exam

So + clause

Note: to/in order to/so that/so : untuk/agar supaya/sehingga

Exercise 1. Complete the sentences by choosing the correct conjunctions

  1. The girl is studying very hard at the moment (so that/to) pass her exams next month.
  2. I bought a dictionary (in order to/so that) help with my vocabulary.
  3. I went to bed early (so that/to) I wouldn’t be tired in the morning.
  4. I have to get up early. I set the alarm for five o’clock (so that not/in order not to) oversleep.
  5. I waited for an hour (so that/to) I could meet her.
  6. Exercise regularly (to/so that) have excellent health and well-being.
  7. My sister gave an English lesson (so that/in order to) earn some pin money.
  8. Taufik is a lovely person. He is always prompt (to/so that) help her friends.
  9. They took the bus (to/so that) save their money.
  10. Make sure your bags are tagged (so that/in order to) you can identify them later.

Exercise 2. Match Column A and B. Use to, in order to, or so that



  1. I work hard
  2. I am going to Australia.
  3. Make sure your bags are tagged.
  4. The doctor performs surgery on the patient
  5. I’m saving money
  6. Dad painted the room yellow
  7. Ken is listing the things he wants to buy
  8. He is reading a dull book
  9. I go jogging every day
  10. I go to bed early
  1. Save his life
  2. Save some money for my next holiday.
  3. I won’t wake up late in the morning.
  4. I can buy a new watch.
  5. Keep fit
  6. Practise my English
  7. It looks brighter
  8. You can identify them later.
  9. He won’t miss a thing.
  10. Get to sleep

Exercise 3. Read the following text and fill in the blanks with the appropriate sentence.

We should eat enough vegetable, fruit, rice, meat, egg, fish, tofu, and tempe to be healthy. We should eat well in order not to get sick easily. Don’t skip breakfast. We should have breakfast to have the energy to do our activities during the day.

  1. X: ……..  |Y: to be healthy
  2. X: What should we eat well for? |Y:…
  3. X: Why should we have breakfast? | Y: …

Exercise 4. Read the following text and fill in the blanks with the appropriate sentence.

Regular exercise is good for your health, too. We can jog to have stronger lungs. We can also swim in order to have strong muscles. Swimming is also good to stay in shape. Remember, always do a warm-up before doing any exercise so that you will not get muscle injury.

  1. X: What do we jog for? | Y: …..
  2. X: … | Y: so that we have strong muscles
  3. X: What sport is good for shape?  |  Y: …
  4. X: What for do we warm-up before doing exercise?  | Y: …

Exercise 5. Read the following text and fill in the blanks with the appropriate question-answer.

Many kinds of instant foods are not good for your health. They contain dangerous chemicals, like MSG, preservatives, and artificial colours. We should not eat too many instant foods so that we will not get serious diseases. In order to stay healthy, we should eat a lot more healthy homemade foods.

  1. X: … | Y: …
  2. X: … | Y: ….
  3. X: … | Y: …
  4. X: … | Y: ….

Exercise 6. Read the following text and fill in the blanks with the appropriate question-answer.

In order to be healthy, we should keep our home and school clean. We should sweep and mop the floors to get rid of dirt. We have to clean our bathtub regularly so that mosquitos don’t lay their eggs there. We should wash the dishes right away after meals in order not to get harmful bacteria.

  1. X: … | Y: …
  2. X: … | Y: ….
  3. X: … | Y: …
  4. X: … | Y: ….

Exercise 7. Read the dialogue, find the expression of asking purpose and answer the questions

John: I went to Kembang Island last month.

Sansa: Did you? What was it like?

John: Well, there was a small forest with a lot of monkeys.

Sansa: Wow! Were they tame?

John: Yes, they were. However, the island was dirty.

Sansa: Why?

John: I found rubbish everywhere.

Sansa: Oh, too bad!

John: I think the management should put more trash cans so that people don’t throw rubbish anywhere.

Sansa: And they should also put up a lot of “NO LITTERING” signs in order to keep the place clean.

John: Yeah. They should do that.

  1. Where did the boy go last month?
  2. What did the boy find on the island?
  3. What was the island like?
  4. What was the boy’s idea about the problem?
  5. What were the purposes of John’s and Sansa’s ideas? What conjunction do they use to express the purpose?


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